npm-uninstall

删除包

选择 CLI 版本:

概要

Synopsis

npm uninstall [<@scope>/]<pkg>...
aliases: unlink, remove, rm, r, un

描述

Description

这将卸载一个包,完全删除代表它安装的所有 npm。

This uninstalls a package, completely removing everything npm installed on its behalf.

它还会从 package.json 中的 dependenciesdevDependenciesoptionalDependenciespeerDependencies 对象中删除包。

It also removes the package from the dependencies, devDependencies, optionalDependencies, and peerDependencies objects in your package.json.

此外,如果你有 npm-shrinkwrap.jsonpackage-lock.json,npm 也会更新这些文件。

Further, if you have an npm-shrinkwrap.json or package-lock.json, npm will update those files as well.

--no-save 会告诉 npm 不要从你的 package.jsonnpm-shrinkwrap.jsonpackage-lock.json 文件中删除包。

--no-save will tell npm not to remove the package from your package.json, npm-shrinkwrap.json, or package-lock.json files.

--save-S 将告诉 npm 从你的 package.jsonnpm-shrinkwrap.jsonpackage-lock.json 文件中删除该包。这是默认设置,但如果你的 npmrc 文件中有例如 save=false,你可能需要使用它

--save or -S will tell npm to remove the package from your package.json, npm-shrinkwrap.json, and package-lock.json files. This is the default, but you may need to use this if you have for instance save=false in your npmrc file

在全局模式下(即,将 -g--global 附加到命令中),它将当前包上下文作为全局包卸载。在这种情况下,--no-save 被忽略。

In global mode (ie, with -g or --global appended to the command), it uninstalls the current package context as a global package. --no-save is ignored in this case.

范围是可选的,并遵循 scope 的通常规则。

Scope is optional and follows the usual rules for scope.

示例

Examples

npm uninstall sax

sax 将不再出现在你的 package.jsonnpm-shrinkwrap.jsonpackage-lock.json 文件中。

sax will no longer be in your package.json, npm-shrinkwrap.json, or package-lock.json files.

npm uninstall lodash --no-save

lodash 不会从你的 package.jsonnpm-shrinkwrap.jsonpackage-lock.json 文件中删除。

lodash will not be removed from your package.json, npm-shrinkwrap.json, or package-lock.json files.

配置

Configuration

save

  • 默认值:true 除非在使用 npm update 时默认为 false

    Default: true unless when using npm update where it defaults to false

  • 类型:布尔值

    Type: Boolean

将已安装的包作为依赖保存到 package.json 文件中。

Save installed packages to a package.json file as dependencies.

npm rm 命令一起使用时,从 package.json 中删除依赖。

When used with the npm rm command, removes the dependency from package.json.

如果设置为 false,也会阻止写入 package-lock.json

Will also prevent writing to package-lock.json if set to false.

global

  • 默认值:false

    Default: false

  • 类型:布尔值

    Type: Boolean

在 "global" 模式下运行,以便将包安装到 prefix 文件夹而不是当前工作目录。有关行为差异的更多信息,请参见 文件夹

Operates in "global" mode, so that packages are installed into the prefix folder instead of the current working directory. See folders for more on the differences in behavior.

  • 包安装到 {prefix}/lib/node_modules 文件夹,而不是当前工作目录。

    packages are installed into the {prefix}/lib/node_modules folder, instead of the current working directory.

  • bin 文件链接到 {prefix}/bin

    bin files are linked to {prefix}/bin

  • 手册页链接到 {prefix}/share/man

    man pages are linked to {prefix}/share/man

workspace

  • 默认值:

    Default:

  • 类型:字符串(可以设置多次)

    Type: String (can be set multiple times)

启用在当前项目的已配置工作区的上下文中运行命令,同时通过仅运行此配置选项定义的工作区进行过滤。

Enable running a command in the context of the configured workspaces of the current project while filtering by running only the workspaces defined by this configuration option.

workspace 配置的有效值为:

Valid values for the workspace config are either:

  • 工作区名称

    Workspace names

  • 工作区目录的路径

    Path to a workspace directory

  • 父工作区目录的路径(将导致选择该文件夹中的所有工作区)

    Path to a parent workspace directory (will result in selecting all workspaces within that folder)

npm init 命令设置时,可以将其设置为尚不存在的工作区的文件夹,以创建文件夹并将其设置为项目中的全新工作区。

When set for the npm init command, this may be set to the folder of a workspace which does not yet exist, to create the folder and set it up as a brand new workspace within the project.

此值不会导出到子进程的环境中。

This value is not exported to the environment for child processes.

workspaces

  • 默认值:null

    Default: null

  • 类型:空值或布尔值

    Type: null or Boolean

设置为 true 可在所有已配置工作区的上下文中运行该命令。

Set to true to run the command in the context of all configured workspaces.

显式将此设置为 false 将导致像 install 这样的命令完全忽略工作区。未明确设置时:

Explicitly setting this to false will cause commands like install to ignore workspaces altogether. When not set explicitly:

  • node_modules 树上运行的命令(安装、更新等)会将工作区链接到 node_modules 文件夹。* 执行其他操作(测试、执行、发布等)的命令将在根项目上运行,除非在 workspace 配置中指定了一个或多个工作区。

    Commands that operate on the node_modules tree (install, update, etc.) will link workspaces into the node_modules folder. - Commands that do other things (test, exec, publish, etc.) will operate on the root project, unless one or more workspaces are specified in the workspace config.

此值不会导出到子进程的环境中。

This value is not exported to the environment for child processes.

include-workspace-root

  • 默认值:false

    Default: false

  • 类型:布尔值

    Type: Boolean

为命令启用工作区时包括工作区根。

Include the workspace root when workspaces are enabled for a command.

当为 false 时,通过 workspace 配置指定单个工作区,或通过 workspaces 标志指定所有工作区,将导致 npm 仅在指定的工作区上运行,而不是在根项目上运行。

When false, specifying individual workspaces via the workspace config, or all workspaces via the workspaces flag, will cause npm to operate only on the specified workspaces, and not on the root project.

此值不会导出到子进程的环境中。

This value is not exported to the environment for child processes.

  • 默认值:false

    Default: false

  • 类型:布尔值

    Type: Boolean

设置文件时:协议依赖将作为常规依赖打包和安装,而不是创建符号链接。此选项对工作区没有影响。

When set file: protocol dependencies will be packed and installed as regular dependencies instead of creating a symlink. This option has no effect on workspaces.

也可以看看

See Also

npm 中文网 - 粤ICP备13048890号